Betta splendens, also known as Siamese fighting fish are part of the gourami family. They got their name because people used to bet on them during betta fights. This is also why they are called fighting fish. There on the smaller side only reaching about 3 inches in length an half an inch wide. They are naturally brown and green but have been selectively bred to produce a beautifully hued fish. In vibrant colors like yellow, purple, blue, and red just to name a few. Betas breathe air through a primitive lung called the labyrinth organ. Bettas are freshwater fish and live in warm waters with a temperature of about 76 to 83°. Bettas are very aggressive and shouldn't live with other bettas, although there are exceptions, similarly with Mr. Sprinkles and his Luna. Bettas are a great choice for a first pet, because they are easy to take care of and are extremely fun.
The video above is of my two betta fish. My husband and I purchased the male first, his name is Mr. sprinkles. He is the red and white one with a long tail. His sidekick Luna, is the blue-and-white female beta. After we purchased Mr. sprinkles we thought he might be lonely so we decided to get him a tank mate. Enter stage right, Luna. Upon introduction we were unaware of the bettas urge to be violent towards other bettas, especially females. We considered removing her or putting up a divider, but it has been months and they get along great. From what I have heard this is quite unusual. Our betta Mr. sprinkles also loves it when we pet him. I have never known a fish to have such emotional qualities. Maybe this is normal? Do you have a betta? If so, what is his or her temperment like? I would love to hear from you.